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industrial zones

/ Central Highland

General information

- Geographic location: Central Highlands is located in the West, Southwest of the country and in the West of Trường Sơn mountain range; Central Highlands is bounded by Laos and Cambodia to the west, by the South Central Coast to the east and Northeast, by Southeast area to the south.

- Area: 544,737 km2.

- Topographic features: Central Highlands has various and complicated topographic features with many high mountains and highlands.

- Administrative units: Include 5 provinces of: Lâm Đồng, Daklak, Dak Nông, Gia Lai và Kon Tum .

- Population: about 48689000 (Statistical Yearbook 2006)

The local area Central Highland

Regional advantages

- Location advantages: Central Highlands has strategic economic, politic, defensive location advantages in Vietnam and Indochina area. At the height of 250-2500m. The region is the riverhead of four big river systems. There are a roadway transportation system with national highways No.14, 19, 20, 24, 25, 27 etc. It has social economic and eco-environmental interrelationships with coastal provinces in South Central Coast and provinces in southern Laos and Northeast Cambodia. It has favourable advantages to promote cooperation with national and international economic areas.

- Mineral resources: The region has mineral resources of bauxite, gold, building material, gemstone, peat, brown coal, and other metals of: Sn, W, Pb, Zn, Sb, Pirit. There are 3.05 billion tons of bauxite rough ore, 1.5 billion tons of bauxite pure ore ở Đắc Nông and Konplon - An Khê Gia Lai province. Kon Tum province also has bauxite ore with 368 million ton of rough ore and 162 million tons of pure ore. Central Highlands has 21 gold points with reserves of 8.82 tons of pure gold and 46.5 tons of gold ore in Kon Tum province. There are gemstone points in Đăk min, Chư Sê, Plâycu, Đăl Me, Đăkhia.

- Tourist advantages: Central Highlands has great potentiality for developing tourism with specific natural and cultural features of various ethnic cultures, intact forest with precious species of livings, beautiful landscapes with waterfalls, mineral water streams etc. Especially, Đà Lạt (Lâm Đồng) has semi template climate really favourable for tourism and resort development. It has many nature reservation areas with intact ecology system and many precious species of birds, flying squirrel, bear, musk - cat, gayal, elephant, dear, crocodile, monkey etc.

- Forest advantages: Central Highlands has 3,140,000 hectares of forest with 238.9 million m3 of timber. It has the largest number of forests accounting for 31.9% national forest area and 36.3% national forest reserves, in which rich forests accounted for 41.2% and medium forest accounted for 51.2% of the national forestry resources.

Current economic situation

- Economic growth rate: In recent 5 years, the region’s economy had quickly developed with high growth rate. The average annual GDP growth rate in period of 2001 – 2005 was 10.05%. Budget revenue in 2006 was 2.6 times more than that of 2001, increasing 23% in compared with that of 2005. GDP per capital in 2006 was 6.6 million VND , increasing 23% in compared with that of 2005.

- Economic structure: The economic structure has been changing with increase in the proportion of industry and services contribution, and decrease on that of agriculture and forestry. The contribution of industry and construction increased 20.91% annually with the rapid development of hydro power plants (the contribution of industry increased 15.3% annually).

Development plan up to the year 2010 (*)

- Several objectives to the year 2010: Make the Central Highlands become national strategic development area, wealthy in economic and secure in defense; Promote economic development to have growth rate of 10-15% annually in 1996-2010 (Industry, construction: 15-19%; agriculture, forestry: 5-9%, tourist and services: 12-16%); Increase GDP per capital to 600-900 USD in 2010; Increase the export revenue to 20-30% annually; Obtain reserves from GDP of 25% (in the period 2001-2010); It is planned that Industry and construction will account for 40%; agriculture, forestry account for 25-26%; tourism and services account for 34-35%.

- Sectors’ development plans:

- Agriculture - Forestry:

Agriculture: Promote sustainable development of agricultural production with diversifying production activities in combination with the local advantages of forestry and industrial crops; Develop intensive cultivation of the industrial crops (coffee, tea, rubber, cashew nut, pepper, cotton, herbs, flower, vegetable, fruit etc.), which are suitable to local natural conditions and have high market potentiality to increase the efficiency of agriculture production; Use new breeds of animals and plants in agriculture production; Promote big castle husbandry.

Forestry: Implement comprehensive plans for forestry development with combination of afforestation, exploitation, processing and forestry services to make the region become national key forestry development area; Plan and use the land properly; Spare land for housing and production for ethnic minorities.

- Industry: Focus on the industries with competitive advantages; Promote bauxite mining and processing in Lâm Đồng, Đăk Nông; Promote processing industry (for coffee, tea, cassava starch, vegetable, fruit, herbs, milk, meat etc.), mechanical industry, building materials production. Develop hydro power plants in various scales with diversifying types of investment and cooperation; Develop medium and small hydropower plants to supply power in combination with agriculture irrigation in the locality; Speed up the investment of key projects; Encourage investment on existing industrial zones; Build up new industrial zones; Develop handicraft industries.

- Trading-Tourism: Develop a suitable trading system; Gradually build whole sale markets, trading centers in towns and cities to promote trading; Promote the development of trading and service co-operatives operating in form of production – sale contracts, provide services of supplying, transportation, and marketing; Timely deliver goods to people in ethnic minority areas; Develop systems of markets in rural areas and handicraft production in villages; Make full use of the border gate economic zones in Bờ Y, Đức Cơ, and cross border markets with Laos and Cambodia; Plan to set up economic zones in ĐăkPer, BuPrăng, Đăk Nông border gates; Encourage development of tourism businesses, tourist areas with high potentiality in the locality.
(Source: Socio- Economic Development Plan in the period 2006 – 2010 concretizing Resolutions adopted by the 10th Party Congress).

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